How to Read a CBD Lab Report
A CBD lab report is formally called a Certificate of Analysis (COA). All CBD products are required to be tested before they can be sold in the marketplace. The scope of testing varies by the type of CBD product. Here, we’ll be covering how to read a lab report for a CBD oil drop tincture.
Generally, the lab report for a CBD oil drop tincture reports the following:
- which cannabinoids were tested and the results
- which terpenes were tested and the results
- what safety testing was performed and the results.
Safety testing is performed to ensure the CBD oil drop tincture is safe to use and includes testing for pesticides, heavy metals, residual solvents, microbes, mycotoxins, moisture content, water activity, and filth and foreign materials.
→ Recommended: Common Types of Lab Tests Performed on a CBD Oil Product
For this interactive guide, we’re using a lab report for a sample batch of our natural flavor 3500 mg full spectrum CBD rich oil, Natural 3500. To learn what a field means, hover over or click the orange circle and a popup will appear with a brief explanation.
Before getting to how to read a CBD lab report for a CBD oil drop tincture, let’s first cover a few common abbreviations used in the report so you have a basic understanding of what each means.
Common Abbreviations in a CBD Lab Report
Below Limit of Detection (“B/LOD”). This means the substance or compound tested was present, but the amount detected is below the cut off value detectable by the testing instrument.
Below the Limit of Quantitation (“B/LOQ”). This means the substance or compound was detected, but the value is below what can be accurately reported. If you review the LOQ for a substance or compound and see “B/LOQ”, it means the detected amount is below that indicated number.
Below Threshold. This means the result for the compound or substance is below the acceptable, legally set number.
Limit of Detection (“LOD”). This is the lowest value that the testing instrument is capable of detecting the presence of a substance or compound.
Limit of Quantitation (“LOQ”). Generally, for the laboratory to report a result value, the number must be greater than or equal to the LOQ number listed in each row of the test column for each compound tested.
Not Detected (“N/D”). This is one of the most common abbreviations on a CBD lab report. A result showing N/D means the instrument did not detect any amount of the tested substance or compound.
With respect to THC, some CBD products labeled as “THC Free”, “0.00% THC” or “0.00 mg THC” may still contain a trace amount of THC that wasn’t enough to be detected by laboratory’s testing instrument. This is where the lab report comes handy because it will show you the actual result that you can use to determine if the product is really free of THC.
Interactive CBD Lab Report Guide
This interactive guide features a sample lab report for a sample batch of our natural flavor 3500 mg Full Spectrum CBD rich oil drop tincture.
Click or hover over the orange circle and a popup will appear with a brief description of the field.
You should always have access to the lab report for a CBD product so you can verify its content and that it is safe to use.
Unfortunately, some brands have claimed their CBD products to have contained a certain amount of CBD when, in reality, significantly less or no CBD was present. Having access to the CBD product’s lab report allows you to see the amount of CBD in the product in addition to other tests performed on the CBD product.
→ Recommended: Why It’s Critical to Know What’s in Your CBD Product
If you cannot get access to the CBD product’s lab report, shop from another CBD brand that will give you access. Reputable CBD brands will make their CBD lab reports accessible to consumers.
The lab report for each deepCBDs product is accessible here.