Last edited: 8/2/2020
How to Read a CBD Lab Report for a Hemp Extract CBD Product
A CBD lab report is formally called a Certificate of Analysis (COA). All CBD products are required to be tested before they can be sold in the marketplace.
A lab report for a CBD products basically shows the composition and potency of any cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids and whether the batch was tested for contaminants and is safe to use.
Reading a lab report can be overwhelming and confusing when you don’t know what the language, abbreviation or data means.
To help simplify it, we created an interactive guide that describes the contents of the lab report so you can learn how to read a CBD lab report for your CBD product.
For this guide, we’re using a sample batch of our mild peppermint flavor 3500mg full spectrum CBD oil, Fresh 3500. To learn what a section means, hover over or click the number displayed and a popup will appear providing a brief explanation.
Before getting to the interactive guide on how to read a CBD lab report, let’s first cover some abbreviations that are commonly found in the report so you can dive with a basic understanding of each.
Common Abbreviations in a CBD Lab Report
Below Limit of Detection (“B/LOD”). This means the substance or compound tested was present, but the amount detected is below the cut off value detectable by the testing instrument.
Below the Limit of Quantitation (“B/LOQ”). This means the substance or compound was detected, but the value is below what can be accurately reported. If you review the LOQ for a substance or compound and see “B/LOQ”, it means the detected amount is below that indicated number.
Below Threshold. This means the result for the compound or substance is below the acceptable, legally set number.
Limit of Detection (“LOD”). This is the lowest value that the testing instrument is capable of detecting the presence of a substance or compound.
Limit of Quantitation (“LOQ”). Generally, for the laboratory to report a result value, the number must be greater than or equal to the LOQ number listed in each row of the test column for each compound tested.
Not Detected (“N/D”). This is one of the most common abbreviations on a COA. A result showing N/D means the instrument did not detect the presence of the tested substance or compound. Some products labelled or otherwise indicated to be “THC Free”, “0.00% THC” or “0.00 mg THC” may still contain trace amounts of THC that simply were not detected when tested due to the cut off limit (i.e., the LOD) set on the laboratory’s testing instrument.
Interactive CBD Lab Report Guide
This interactive guide features a sample lab report for a sample batch of a 3500mg Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture.
Click or hover over the number displayed by the field for a popup to appear that generally explains what it means.
You should always have access to the lab report for a CBD product so you can verify its content and safety for use. Unfortunately, some brands have claimed their products contained a certain amount of CBD when, in reality, less or no CBD was present. The Certificate of Analysis is a resourceful tool available to you in this regard.
If your phone’s camera is unable to scan the QR code, try using a QR code reader app instead. Not all phone cameras function the same and QR code reader apps are generally more successful. If neither of these options work, contact customer support.
On a final note, if you can’t access to the CBD lab report, consider shopping elsewhere, from a brand that provides transparency as to whether their products are tested and for what.
All of deepCBDs™ certificates of analysis are hosted here.